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Tying Flies for Salmon, Trout and Sea Trout

A series of salmon, trout and sea trout flies are illustrated below, with fly photographs, fly tying instructions, some with illustrated step-by-step tying sequences and a description of the fly tying materials employed in their dressing. A range of salmon, trout and sea trout flies are presented, from famous salmon flies like the Garry, Willie Gunn and Cascade, one of the most successful salmon flies of all time, to less well known but equally effective, and often simpler flies, like the Needle Fly. The Trout Fly Tying section includes famous Scottish loch fly patterns like the Blae & Black, Dunkeld, Mallard  & Claret, Cinnamon & Gold, Red Palmer, Grouse & Green, Greenwell's Glory and Black Pennell, while the Sea Trout Fly Tying section features simply dressed singles such as the Mallard and Silver and squirrel winged flies, along with a few of the recently developed Needle Tube Flies, ultra slim tube flies dressed on fine stainless steel tubes with an outside diameter of only 1.5mm. Most of the salmon and sea trout fly patterns are accompanied by links to pages showing detailed illustrated fly tying step-by-step sequences.

 

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Salmon Fly Tying

Tying Salmon Flies - a selection of salmon fishing flies and how to tie them

A few salmon flies are shown below, along with notes on how to tie them and links to fly tying step by step photographic tying sequences. Flies include established favourites such as Ally Gowans's Cascade and other patterns dressed on conventional hooks or fine stainless steel needle tubes, recently developed by Grays of Kilsyth here in Scotland and available online.

click on images to enlarge

Cascade Salmon Fly  
Cascade (Ally Gowans)
Hook: salmon single
Tag: oval silver tinsel
Tail: mixed orange and yellow bucktail
Rear Body: silver tinsel
Front Body: black floss
Rib: oval silver tinsel
Wing: black squirrel with Krystal Flash
Hackle: orange cock over yellow
 
see: Cascade Fly Tying - step by step
     
Ruddy Buck  Salmon Tube Fly  
Ruddy Buck Tube Fly
Tube: 25mm stainless steel Needle Tube
Wing: yellow, red and brown bucktail tied in separate layers top and bottom with a few strands of Krystal Flash mixed in
see: Ruddy Buck Tube Fly Step by Step
     
Wee Monkey Salmon Tube Fly  
Wee Monkey (Needle Tube Fly)
 
Tube: 15 mm stainless steel needle tube
Underwing: green Arctic fox hair
Overwing: black Arctic fox hair
Cheeks: small jungle cock cheeks
Hackle: yellow
 
see: Wee Monkey Needle Tube Flies
     
Willie Gunn  Salmon Tube Fly  
Willie Gunn Tube Fly (variant)
 
Tube: 25mm stainless steel Needle Tube
Wing: yellow, orange and black hair tied in separate layers top and bottom with a few strands of Krystal Flash mixed in
see: Willie Gunn Tube Fly Step by Step
     
Irish Shrimp Tube Fly  
Erie Shrimp Tube (Irish Shrimp Style)
 
Tube: 15mm needle Tube 1.5mm outside diameter
Tail: golden pheasant breast with a few strands of Krystal Flash
Body: rear yellow/front black
Rib: oval silver tinsel
Mid Hackle: yellow
Front hackle: brown with JC under
see: Irish Shrimp Tube Step by Step
     
Salmon Needle Fly  
The Needle Fly
 
Needle: No. 9 long darning needle
Throat: white Arctic fox
Wing: black over orange over yellow Arctic Fox hair with a few strands of Krystal Flash
 
see: The Needle Fly Step by Step
     
Fiery Cascade Salmon Tube Fly  
Fiery Cascade Needle Tube Fly
 
Tube:  stainless steel needle Tube
Tail/Underwing: mixed orange and yellow fox squirrel tail with a few strands of Krystal Flash
Wing: red squirrel tail
Hackle: Orange over yellow cock
 
see: Fiery Cascade Tube Step by Step
     
The Garry Salmon Fly  
Garry (Low Water Style)
 
Hook: low water single
Tag: oval silver tinsel
Tail: golden pheasant crest
Tail: red ibis (sub) over
Body: black floss
Rib: oval silver tinsel
Wing: yellow over red hair
Hackle: blue guinea fowl
 
     
The Spring Green Salmon Tube Fly  
Spring Green Tube Fly
 
Tube: 15mm needle tube (1.8mm diam.)
Tail: white and green fox
Body: silver/wound Olive Krystal Flash
Wing: brown bucktail/Krystal Flash
Hackles: brown over yellow
 
see: Spring Green Tube Step by Step
     
The Stoats Tail Salmon Fly  
Stoat's Tail
 
Hook: low water Wilson single
Tag: oval silver tinsel
Tail: golden pheasant crest
Body: black floss
Rib: oval silver tinsel
Wing: black stoat's tail (or dyed squirrel)
Hackle: black
 
see: Stoat's Tail Step by Step
     
Munro's Killer Tube Fly  
Munro's Killer Tube Fly
Tube: 15 mm stainless steel needle tube
Tail: yellow and sunburst Arctic fox
Wing: black squirrel tail
Hackles: Orange under blue
 
See: Munro's Killer Tube Fly
     
     
Dusty Miller Salmon Tube Fly  
Dusty Miller Tube Fly
 
Tube: 15mm needle tube (1.8mm diam.)
Tail: yellow and red bucktail / squirrel
Body: silver/fluorescent orange floss
Wing: brown bucktail/Krystal Flash
Hackles: brown over orange
 
see: Dusty Miller Tube Step by Step
     
Bann Special Shrimp Tube Fly  
Bann Special Irish Shrimp
Tube: 15 mm stainless steel needle tube
Tail: Golden Pheasant Breast
Body: yellow and black floss, silver rib
Hackles: Orange mid and badger front with Jungle cock under front hackle
 
See: Bann Special Tube Fly
     
     
Curry's Red Shrimp Tube Fly  
Curry's Red Irish Shrimp
Tube: 15mm stainless steel needle tube
Tail: Golden Pheasant Breast
Body: red and black floss, silver rib
Hackles: BadgeerOrange mid and badger front with Jungle cock under front hackle
 
See: Curry's Red Tube Fly
     
Highland Cascade Salmon Tube Fly  
Highland Cascade Needle Tube Fly
 
Tube:  stainless steel needle Tube
Tail/Underwing: mixed green and yellow fox squirrel tail with a few strands of Krystal Flash
Wing: black squirrel tail
Hackle: Orange over yellow cock
 
see: Scottish Shrimp Needle Tubes
     
Coypu and Claret  
Coy Shrimp
Tube:  15mm Needle Tube
Tail: Orange Coypu
Wing: Yellow Coypu
Hackles: Claret over Hot Orange
see more Coy Shrimps
     
Magus Salmon Fly  
Magus
Hook: low water double
Tail: squirrel tail dyed magenta with a few strands of Krystal Flash
Body: silver tinsel
Rib: oval silver tinsel
Wing: neon magenta fluorescent floss with natural squirrel tail
Hackle: black over magenta
see: Magus Salmon Fly Step by Step
     
The New Magus Salmon Fly  
Magus 2012
Tube: 15mm Needle Tube
Tail/Wing: arctic fox tail dyed magenta and black
Hackles: black over magenta over pink
     
Badger & Yellow Tube Fly  
Badger & Yellow
Tube: 25mm stainless steel needle tube
Wing: Natural badger hair mixed with yellow bucktail and a few strands of Krystal Flash
     
Yellow Shrimp Salmon Tube Fly  
Yellow Shrimp Needle Tube Fly
 
Tube:  stainless steel needle Tube
Tail/Underwing: mixed natural red squirrel and dyed yellow fox squirrel tail with a few strands of Krystal Flash
Wing: dyed yellow fox squirrel tail
Hackle: brown over yellow
 
see: Scottish Shrimp Needle Tubes
     
Beltra Badger Salmon Tube Fly  
Beltra Badger Needle Tube Fly
 
Tube:  stainless steel needle Tube
Tail/Underwing: mixed orange and yellow bucktail with a few strands of Krystal Flash
Wing: natural badger hair
Hackle: blue over yellow
 
see: Beltra Badger Tube Fly
     
Lammas Shrimp Salmon Tube Fly  
Lammas Shrimp Needle Tube Fly
 
Tube:  stainless steel needle Tube
Tail: golden pheasant breast feather with a few strands of Krystal Flash
Body: silver to rear of tail
Hackles: fluorescent pink under hot orange under black
 
see: Lammas Shrimp Tube Fly
     
Sunburst Shrimp Salmon Tube Fly  
Sunburst Shrimp Needle Tube Fly
 
Tube:  stainless steel needle Tube
Tail: sunburst Arctic fox with a few strands of Krystal Flash
Body: silver
Hackles: fluorescent orange over hot orange
 
     
Furnace Shrimp Salmon Tube Fly  
Furnace Shrimp Needle Tube Fly
 
Tube:  stainless steel needle Tube
Tail/Wing: sunburst and orange Arctic fox/ natural squirrel tail with a few strands of Krystal Flash
Body: silver
Hackles: furnace over hot orange
 
     
Salmon Tingler Tube Fly  
Salmon Tingler
 
Tube:  stainless steel needle Tube
Tail/Wing: sunburst Arctic fox with a few strands of Krystal Flash
Hackles: hot orange over fluo orange
Hook: single dressed with orange Arctic fox
see: Salmon Tingler
     
Tubular Belles - Needle Tube Flies  
Tubular Belles 
Tubes:  stainless steel needle tubes
Wing: Mixed Arctic fox tail with a few strands of Krystal Flash
Body: silver
Hackles: two hackles swept under and back
(Jungle Cock optional)
     
Tanuki Sunrise Tube Fly  
Tanuki Sunrise 
Tube:  15mm needle Tube
Wing/Tail: Orange tanuki over sunburst Arctic Fox with a few strands of Krystal Flash
Hackles: Claret over Yellow
     
Backender Tube Fly  
The Backender 
Tube:  10mm needle Tube
Tail: Sunburst Arctic Fox with a few strands of orange Wing n' Flash
Underbody: Orange and Pink Arctic Fox
Wing: Natural dark brown Red Squirrel Tail
Hackle: Rich Hot Orange
     

Sea Trout Fly Tying

Tying Sea Trout Flies - some sea trout fishing flies and fly tying materials to tie them

A selection of sea trout flies are shown below, along with notes on how to tie them and a few links to Step by Step photographic fly tying sequences. The flies are generally intended for night fishing and are simply dressed, often leaving the hooks or stainless steel tubes undressed to create slim, simple yet very effective night fishing flies.

click on images to enlarge

Black & Silver Sea Trout Tube Fly  
Black & Silver Needle Tube Fly
 
Tube: needle tube 1.5 mm diameter
Wing: black squirrel with Krystal Flash
 

see Black & Silver Tube Step by Step

     
Sea Trout Fly  
Sea Trout Black & Pink
 
Tube: 25mm stainless steel needle tube (or single hook)
Wing: black squirrel tail
Hackle: fluorescent pink
see: Black & Pink Sea Trout Fly
     
Mallard & Silver Sea Trout Fly  
Mallard & Silver
 
Hook: 12 to 8
Body: flat silver tinsel
Rib: fine oval silver tinsel or wire
Wing: bronze mallard
Hackle: brown hen
     
Sea Trout Tube Fly  
Black & Yellow Needle Tube
 
Tube: 25 to 40mm needle Tube 1.5mm outside diameter
Throat Hackle: white Arctic fox
Wing: Black over yellow Arctic fox with a few strands of Krystal Flash
see: Black & Yellow Tube Step by Step
     
Night Sea Trout Tube Fly  
Night Tube Fly
Tube: 20 to 40mm needle Tube 1.5mm outside diameter
Hackle: cock hackle (any colour)
Wing: Black squirrel hair
see: Night Tube Fly Step by Step
     
Simple Sea Trout Fly  
Simple Sea Trout Single Fly
 
Hook: Size 8 partridge Saltwater Perfect
Wing: black squirrel tail
 
see: Simple Sea Trout Step by Step
     
Sea Trout Night Tube Fly  
Black & White Needle Tube Fly
 
Tube: needle tube 1.5 mm diameter
Wing: black squirrel and white Arctic fox mixed with Krystal Flash
     
Sea Trout Needle Fly  
The Needle Fly
 
Needle: No. 9 long darning needle
Wing: black over orange over yellow Fox squirrel tail with a few strands of Krystal Flash
 
see: Tying the Needle Fly
     
Mallard Sea Trout Fly  
Brown Mallard
 
Hook: Size 8 partridge Saltwater Perfect
Wing: bronze mallard
Hackle: brown hen
 
see: Mallard Wing Step by Step
     
Tingler Tube Fly  
Tingler Tube Fly
 
Tube: stainless steel needle tube, 1.5mm diameter
Wing: black squirrel
Hook: dressing repeated on single hook
 
see: Tingler Tube Fly Step by Step
     
Snake Tube Fly  
Snaky Tube Fly
 
Tube: 40mm stainless steel needle tube, 1.5mm diameter
Wing: black over green Arctic fox
Hackle: fluorescent yellow
 
see: Snake Tube Fly Step by Step
     
Minitube Fly  
Minitube Flies
 
Tube: Needle Tube 1.5mm diameter
Wing: Black and yellow dyed squirrel
 
 
see: Minitube Flies
     
Sea Trout Wake Fly  
Sea Trout Wake Lure
 
Tube:  plastic 2 mm diameter
Wing: Natural red squirrel mixed with Krystal Flash
Head: Brown Deer Hair
 
     

Trout Fly Tying

Tying Trout Flies - a selection of trout fishing flies and their fly tying materials

A few famous Scottish trout wet flies are shown below, along with notes on how to tie them. These traditional loch flies include famous patterns such as the Butcher, Mallard and Claret, Blae and Black, Greenwell's Glory, Red Palmer, Dunkeld, Black Pennell, Grouse and Green, Cinnamon and Gold and Woodcock and Yellow, simply dressed using traditional materials.

click on images to enlarge

 

Mallard & Claret Trout Fly  
Mallard & Claret
 
Hook: 14 to 10
Tail: golden pheasant tippets
Body: claret wool or seal's fur
Rib: oval gold tinsel
Wing: bronze mallard (folded)
Hackle: brown or black hen
 
     
Blae & Black Trout Fly  
Blae & Black
 
Hook: 14 to 10
Tail: golden pheasant tippets
Body: black floss, wool or seal's fur
Rib: oval silver tinsel
Wing: grey mallard
Hackle: black hen
 
     
Grouse & Green Trout Fly  
Grouse & Green
 
Hook: 14 to 10
Tail: golden pheasant tippets
Body: green wool or seal's fur
Rib: oval silver tinsel
Wing: grouse centre tail
Hackle: brown hen
 
     
Woodcock & Yellow Trout Fly  
Woodcock & Yellow
 
Hook: 14 to 10
Tail: golden pheasant tippets
Body: yellow wool or seal's fur
Rib: oval gold tinsel
Wing: Woodcock
Hackle: brown hen
 
     
Greenwell's Glory Trout Fly  
Greenwell's Glory
 
Hook: 14 to 10
Body: waxed yellow silk
Rib: fine oval gold tinsel
Wing: grey mallard
Hackle: greenwells hen
 
     
Dunkeld Trout Fly  
Dunkeld
 
Hook: 14 to 10
Tail: golden pheasant crest
Body: flat gold tinsel
Rib: oval gold tinsel
Wing: bronze mallard (folded)
Hackle: orange cock palmered
Jungle cock cheeks may be added
     
Black Pennell Trout Fly  
Black Pennell
 
Hook: 14 to 10
Tail: golden pheasant tippets
Body: black floss
Rib: oval silver tinsel
Hackle: black hen
 
     
Cinnamon & Gold Trout Fly  
Cinnamon & Gold
 
Hook: 14 to 10
Tail: golden pheasant tippets
Body: flat gold tinsel
Rib: oval gold tinsel
Wing: speckled hen
Hackle: brown hen
 
     
Red Palmer Trout Fly  
Red Palmer
 
Hook: 14 to 10
Body: red wool or seal's fur
Rib: oval gold tinsel
Hackle: palmered brown hen
 

 

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